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Uncertainty Still Looming

 


    High uncertainty still overshadows many upstream oil and gas projects which are targeted to operate this year. Apart from the prolonged impact of the pandemic, the fluctuating factor in world oil prices also makes the prospect always combined with risk.

Blogger Agus Purnomo in SKK Migas

    Based on the records of the Special Task Force for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities (SKK Migas), this year it is targeted that as many as 12 projects will be on stream with a total project value of US $ 1.62 billion.

    During the first quarter of 2021, there were 4 onstream projects with a total investment of US $ 111 million, increasing oil and gas production by 5,850 barrels of oil per day (BOPD) and 69.5 million standard cubic feet per day (MMscfd).


    These projects include Gas Supply to RU-V Pertamina Hulu Mahakam, Belato Field by Seleraya Merangin Dua, and the KLD PHE ONWJ project, West Pangkah Saka Indonesia Pangkah.

    Executive Director of the National Oil and Gas Companies Association (Aspermigas) Moshe Rizal is optimistic that the cooperation contract contractors (KKKS) can be more active this year and increase their investment to catch up with last year's lagging performance.

    KKKS will focus on commercially faster projects so that the possibility of project delays this year can be minimized. In the latest development, the Merakes field in the East Sepinggan Working Area has been included in the onstream project after being delayed last year. National gas production is projected to increase by 368 MMscfd.

    It is admitted that realizing the project with a total investment of US $ 1.3 billion located in the Makassar Strait requires extra efforts due to the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic that has emerged since early 2020.

"This project was initially targeted to get onstream faster in the third quarter of 2020. It turns out that we have to shift slightly from the onstream plan that is in the POD approval to the first quarter of 2021, "said the head of SKK Migas Dwi Soetjipto.

    The important thing from the development of Merakes Field is the ability to synergize to improve the economy in the field. The proximity of the Merakes field discovery to the Jangkrik Lapanga Floating Production Unit (FPU) allows Eni to maximize synergies with the closest existing infrastructure to improve the economics of the Merakes Field. You do this by using a shared facility sharing scheme.

the Merakes field by ENI

    The Merakes Field development project is a deep-sea project where the depth is about 1,500 meters below sea level. This project has 5 production wells with a total production capacity of 450 MMSCFD or the equivalent of 85,000 barrels of oil equivalent per day (BOEPD).

    The production contribution from the Merakes field will increase the gas supply for East Kalimantan Province. Most of it will be prioritized for domestic consumers, including the fertilizer and electricity industry in East Kalimantan, and processed at the Bontang Refinery into LNG.

"We hope that with the certainty of gas supply for the industry, it will provide a bigger multiplier effect for the national economy," Dwi said.

    According to him, this year there are two national strategic projects targeted onstream, namely Jambaran Tiung Biru with a total investment of US $ 1.53 billion. If it operates commercially, it is projected to increase national gas production by 190 MMscfd.

    Tangguh Train-3 Papua is also scheduled to go on stream in the fourth quarter of 2021 with estimated additional gas production of 700 MMscfd and a concentrate of 3,000 barrels of condensate per day (BCPD).

    This US $ 8.9 billion projects was delayed from the previous target in the third quarter of 2021 to the fourth quarter of 2021. With the support of these projects, it is hoped that investment in the upstream oil and gas sector this year can be better than last year's US $ 10.21 billion from the 2020 target of US $ 12.1 billion.

"We hope that the investment in the upstream oil and gas sector at the end of the year can be greater than 2020. The amount of realization in the first quarter of 2021 is the US $ 2.4 billion, then for revenue in the first quarter of 2021 it will reach US $ 6.67 billion."

    Energy Watch Executive Director Mamit Setiawan said these expectations can be achieved as long as a number of important conditions are met. For example, related to the development of world oil prices, ease of carrying out work during a pandemic, full support from stakeholders, and solid cooperation at the regional level.

Bisnis Indonesia, Page-2, Friday, April 30, 2021.

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