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Oil and Gas Revenue Exceeds Target



Slow Exploration, Decreasing Production

The increase in oil prices brings blessings to state revenues. Because the price of black gold has soared, state revenues until the end of 2018 from the upstream oil and gas sector are projected to reach USD 17.5 billion or IDR 257.25 trillion (exchange rate of IDR 14,700). That figure reached 147 percent of the target in the 2018 State Budget which was set at USD 1 1.9 billion.

The Special Task Force for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities (SKK Migas) noted that up to October 31, 2018 state revenues from the upstream oil and gas sector reached USD 14.6 billion or Rp 214.62 trillion. That figure is 123 percent of the 2018 state budget target. Head of SKK Migas Amien Sunaryadi said that the country's revenues are closely related to national oil and gas production and the increase in world oil prices.



"Until the end of the year, the largest oil and gas production is projected to continue to come from Chevron in the Rokan Block, then Exxon Mobil in Banyu Urip," he said.

the Rokan Block

The achievement of oil and gas lifting until October 31, 2018 is only 96 percent of the 2018 State Budget target of 2 million barrel oil equivalent per day (BOEPD). Oil and gas production in that period only touched 1.917 million BOEPD. Meanwhile, until the end of the year oil and gas production is projected to only reach 1.916 million BOEPD.

The failure of oil and gas lifting is due to the decline in oil and gas production in the country because 79 percent of oil and gas fields in Indonesia are old. Meanwhile, production of 77 percent of oil and gas fields in Indonesia shows a downward trend.

"National lifting is going down, what do you want to do too," he added.

According to him, one of the reasons is the lack of oil and gas exploration carried out by the government. So far the government has relied on private investment to explore oil and gas in the country.

 the Banyu Urip Field

"The state is not serious about exploration. Banyu Urip originally had Pertamina, but it was not discovery. Humpuss held discovery discovery as well. After that, Exxon held it, the discovery was very big because they wanted a very wide 3D seismic investment, "he explained.


Since 1940, the largest oil and gas blocks in the country have always been found by foreign companies. Among other things, the Minas Field as the largest oil and gas field in ASEAN in the Rokan Block was discovered by Chevron in 1941.

IN INDONESIAN

Penerimaan Migas Lampaui Target


Eksplorasi Lambat, Produksi Menurun

Kenaikan harga minyak membawa berkah pada penerimaan negara. Gara-gara harga emas hitam itu melambung, penerimaan negara hingga akhir 2018 dari sektor hulu migas diproyeksikan bisa mencapai angka USD 17,5 miliar atau Rp 257,25 triliun (kurs Rp 14.700). Angka itu mencapai 147 persen dari target dalam APBN 2018 yang ditetapkan USD 1 1,9 miliar.

Satuan Kerja Khusus Pelaksana Kegiatan Usaha Hulu Minyak dan Gas Bumi (SKK Migas) mencatat, hingga 31 Oktober 2018 penerimaan negara dari sektor hulu migas mencapai USD 14,6 miliar atau Rp 214,62 triliun. Angka itu 123 persen dari target APBN 2018. Kepala SKK Migas Amien Sunaryadi mengatakan, penerimaan negara tersebut berhubungan erat dengan produksi migas nasional dan kenaikan harga minyak dunia. 

"Hingga akhir tahun nanti diproyeksikan produksi migas terbesar tetap berasal dari Chevron di Blok Rokan, lalu Exxon Mobil di Banyu Urip,” ungkapnya.

Pencapaian lifting migas hingga 31 Oktober 2018 hanya 96 persen dari target APBN 2018 sebesar 2 juta barrel oil equivalent per day (BOEPD). Produksi migas pada periode tersebut hanya menyentuh 1,917 juta BOEPD. Sedangkan hingga akhir tahun produksi migas diproyeksikan hanya 1,916 juta -BOEPD. 

Melesetnya lifting migas disebabkan menurunnya produksi migas di tanah air lantaran 79 persen lapangan migas di Indonesia sudah tua. Sementara itu, produksi 77 persen lapangan migas di Indonesia menunjukkan tren menurun. 

"Lifting nasional turun, mau diapakan juga turun" imbuhnya. 

Menurut dia, salah satu penyebabnya adalah masih minimnya eksplorasi migas yang dilakukan pemerintah. Selama ini pemerintah bergantung pada investasi swasta untuk mengeksplorasi migas di tanah air.

”Negara tidak serius untuk eksplorasi. Banyu Urip awalnya punya Pertamina, tetapi tidak discovery. Dipegang Humpuss juga ridak discovery. Setelah itu dipegang Exxon, akhirnya discovery sangat besar karena mereka mau investasi seismik 3D luas sekali,” urainya.

Sejak 1940, blok-blok migas terbesar di tanah air selalu ditemukan perusahaan asing. Di antaranya, Lapangan Minas sebagai lapangan migas terbesar di ASEAN di Blok Rokan ditemukan Chevron pada 1941.

Jawa Pos, Page-5, Friday, Nov 9, 2018

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