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The Government will Facilitate the Acquisition of Oil and Gas Blocks Abroad

    The Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM) stated that it would facilitate the acquisition of oil and gas blocks overseas by oil and gas companies in Indonesia. The acquisition of oil and gas blocks in other countries is one of the government's strategies to pursue the oil production target of 1 million barrels per day (BPD) by 2030.

    Director of Oil and Gas Program Development at the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources Dwi Anggoro Ismu Kurnianto said the oil production target of 1 million BPD in 2030 has been included in the Grand National Energy Strategy (GSEN) where the National Energy Council (DEN) is finalized.  

    One solution to achieve this target is the acquisition of oil and gas fields abroad. This acquisition was carried out through PT Pertamina (Persero) as a State-Owned Enterprise (BUMN) engaged in the oil and gas sector of national oil and gas companies, such as PT Medco Energi Internasional.

"The government will facilitate through bilateral cooperation, starting with G to G (government to government)," he said.

    The acquisition plan was also conveyed at the 1st Meeting of the Joint Committee on Energy between the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and the Moroccan Ministry of Energy, Mines, and Environment.

    

Blogger Agus Purnomo in SKK Migas

    In this event, representatives of Pertamina and the Special Task Force for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities (SKK Migas) were also present so that they could obtain opportunities for cooperation in the oil and gas sector. However, Dwi Anggoro added, that the government's support for the acquisition of this oil and gas block is not limited to Morocco.

"Not only in Morocco but also in other countries," he said.

    Both Pertamina and Medco Energi have also been expanding their upstream oil and gas business overseas. Pertamina has several oil and gas blocks in 12 countries. In Algeria, the company owns shares in the Menzel Lejmat North (MLN), El Merk (EMK), and Ourhoud (OHD) blocks. apart from Algeria. 

    In Iraq, Pertamina holds shares in West Qurna 1 Field. While in Malaysia, Pertamina holds shareholdings in Block K, Block Kikeh, Block SNP, Block SK-309, and Block SK-311.

    Furthermore, after the acquisition of the French oil and gas company, Maurel & Prom, the company has oil and gas assets spread across Gabon, Nigeria, Tanzania, Namibia, Colombia, Canada, Myanmar, Italy, and other countries. However, its main assets that are already producing are in Gabon, Nigeria, and Tanzania. These overseas oil and gas blocks have contributed to Pertamina's overall production which reached 861 thousand barrels of oil equivalent per day/BOEPD in the first quarter of 2021.

    President Director of PT Pertamina Hulu Energi (PHE) Budiman Parhusip had said, the contribution of the realization of this oil and gas production was 147 thousand BOEPD from international oil and gas fields and 713 thousand BOEPD from domestic. In detail, oil production from foreign assets was recorded at 97 thousand bpd and gas 291 MMScfd.

    Meanwhile, on its official website, Medco owns shares in 10 oil and gas blocks overseas. In detail, Blocks 10 and 12 in Mexico, Area 47 in Libya, Block 9 in Yemen, Karim Field in Oman, Blocks 1 and 4 in Tanzania, Bualuang, and Sinphuhorm Fields in Thailand, and Block 12W (Chim Sao and Dua) ​​in Vietnam.

    Some of Medco's oil and gas blocks are already in production. In the first quarter of 2021, Medco's total oil and gas production, both from within and outside the country, was recorded at 101 thousand BOEPD. Dwi Anggoro continued, based on the status at the end of 2020, Indonesia's oil reserves were recorded at 4.2 billion barrels and 62.4 trillion cubic feet of gas. 

    If there are no new discoveries, the age of this oil reserve is only about 9 years and gas about 18 years. To meet domestic demand which reaches 1.5 million bpd, Indonesia is forced to import oil because domestic production is only around 745 thousand bpd.

    However, he said the government would not only rely on additional production from abroad. Although oil production continues to decline, the government will continue to focus on achieving the production target of 1 million bpd with various efforts, including enhanced oil recovery (EOR), increasing exploration activities, utilizing new technology, as well as simplification and flexibility of the procurement process.

Infrastructure development

    In addition to increasing oil and gas production, the government also continues to build oil and gas infrastructure to strengthen national energy security. The government will increase the capacity of fuel oil refineries and build natural gas infrastructure.

“The government encourages the development of national oil and gas infrastructure, both LNG, gas, and refineries. Therefore, we are very open to collaborating with any partner countries in investing in the oil and gas sub-sector,” he said when giving a presentation at the 1st Meeting of the Joint Committee on Energy between the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources and the Moroccan Ministry of Energy, Mining and Environment.

    Regarding the development of natural gas infrastructure, Indonesia has prepared a national natural gas master plan, including building PLTMG, gas pipeline infrastructure, and natural gas networks for households. Especially for the gas network, by 2020 696,011 house gas connections (SR) have been built.

"The government targets that by 2024, the number of gas networks built will reach 4 million SR," added Dwi Anggoro.

Investor Daily, Page-10, Tuesday, June 29, 2021.

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