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Pertamina awaits disbursement of incentives



PT Pertamina (Persero) is waiting for the government to provide incentives in managing the three terminated oil and gas blocks, while making savings to further improve the economics of the project.

Pertamina Upstream Director Dharmawan H. Samsu said there were two ways that could be done to improve the economics of the project. First, from Pertamina's body by reducing the economic constraints of the project through efficiency. Second, get incentives from the government. Efficiency that can be done by Pertamina is through rigless.

the Mahakam Block

Rigless or drilling without rigs is nothing new at Pertamina. Rigless is done during well completion, aka preparation or refining of wells to be produced as well as when cleaning wells from sedimentation or scaling. Massive rigless activities are carried out in the Mahakam Block and the Sanga Sanga Block.

 the Sanga Sanga Block

Currently it also proposes incentives to the government in managing three termination block working areas, including the Mahakam Block managed by Pertamina Hulu Mahakam (PHM) and the Sanga Sanga Block by Pertamina Hulu Sanga Sanga (PHSS).

the East Kalimantan-Attaka Block

The third working area is the East Kalimantan-Attaka Block, which is managed by Pertamina Hulu East Kalimantan (PHKT). Submission of incentives in the East Kalimantan-Attaka Block has not been made because it is still in the evaluation stage of the submission proposal. 

   In the three blocks, Pertamina carries out field development (OPLL) operations to increase oil and gas production. Moreover, the three oil and gas blocks have a very old production age.

Total E&P Indonesia

For example, the Mahakam Block has more than 40 years of age. Previously, the Mahakam Block was managed by Total E&P Indonesia. At present, the Mahakam Block has been managed by Pertamina Hulu Migas (PHM) by being able to maintain production of 740 MMscfd (million metric standard cubic feet per day) of 120 wells since September 2019. 

Previously, the block's production was below the realized figure. According to him, the increase in production was obtained from drilling new wells and the production from the reservoir obtained was greater than projected.

In an effort to maintain this production, PHM has proposed drilling 257 new wells with a potential resource of 279 billion cubic feet / Bcf and 9 million barrels of oil / MMBO.

INCENTIVE FORM

Even though the well drilling has been approved by SKK Migas, Pertamina still gets incentives to improve the economics of the project. These incentives can be in the form of additional revenue sharing from the government or leasing relief for state assets. From the company side, Pertamina will also reduce the limits to the economy. 

Meanwhile, Pertamina is also targeting to drill exploratory wells in the Mahakam Block in the Third Quarter / 2020 or around July 2020. Drilling is carried out in Tunu Field and South Peciko.

"There is such a thing as a commercial breakthrough. Look, for example, Pertamina feels that this is not economical. Come to the government, this can be economical if given this kind of incentive. The government will fair, this can not be per project, "he said.

Pertamina also proposed an incentive to drill 755 new wells in the Sanga Sanga Block. Until now, the government has not yet issued approval for drilling in 755 wells. Pertamina is targeting to drill 755 wells in the Sanga Sanga Block this year.

"It has been proposed [incentives to the government] if I'm not mistaken 2 weeks ago," he said.

According to him, Pertamina will also propose drilling new wells in the East Kalimantan-Attaka Block. At present, Pertamina is still evaluating the proposal to drill a new well in the block.

"We want to do it intensively and aggressively for all termination blocks, including ONWJ [Offshore North West Java]," he said.

Dharmawan explained that the three blocks were prioritized first because they had enormous oil and gas potential. Pertamina sought to continue to extend the life of the fields in the three blocks. Pertamina Hulu Mahakam General Manager John Anis said that his party would continue to do so saving one of them by reducing the cost of drilling wells. One of them is rigless because it is able to reduce material prices while speeding up the processing time.

Previously, the Special Task Force (SKK) for Upstream Oil and Gas Business Activities (Oil and Gas) claimed to be boosting the development of a number of oil and gas fields in three blocks in 2020, following the Mahakam Block whose proposal had been approved. The field development is to boost the production of lifting 1 million barrels per day (BPH) in 2030 and lifting natural gas by 12,000 MMscfd.

the Merakes Field

SKK Migas Head Dwi Soetjipto said field development was boosted in three working areas namely the Sanga Sanga Block in East Kalimantan, the Sakakemang Block in Musi Banyuasin, South Sumatra, and the Merakes Field in the East Sepinggan Block, South Sumatra. 

Fahmy Radhi

UGM Energy Economist Fahmy Radhi said the flexibility provided by the government through the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources regarding production sharing contracts will encourage the development of oil and gas fields.

IN INDONESIA

Pertamina Tunggu Kucuran Insentif

PT Pertamina (Persero) menanti pemberian insentif dari pemerintah dalam mengelola tiga blok minyak dan gas bumi terminasi, sembari melakukan penghematan guna makin meningkatkan keekonomian proyek.

Direktur Hulu Pertamina Dharmawan H. Samsu mengatakan ada dua cara yang dapat dilakukan untuk meningkatkan keekonomian proyek. Pertama, dari tubuh Pertamina dengan menurunkan batasan keekonomian proyek melalui efisiensi. Kedua, mendapatkan insentif dari pemerintah. Efisiensi yang dapat dilakukan Pertamina salah satunya melalui rigless. 

Rigless atau melakukan pengeboran tanpa rig bukan merupakan hal baru di Pertamina. Rigless dilakukan saat well completion alias persiapan atau penyempumaan sumur untuk diproduksikan maupun saat pembersihan sumur dari endapan atau scalling. Aktivitas rigless masif dilakukan di Blok Mahakam maupun Blok Sanga Sanga.

Saat ini pihaknya juga mengajukan insentif ke pemerintah dalam mengelola tiga wilayah kerja blok terminasi, termasuk di dalamnya Blok Mahakam yang dikelola oleh Pertamina Hulu Mahakam (PHM) dan Blok Sanga Sanga oleh Pertamina Hulu Sanga Sanga (PHSS). 

Wilayah kerja ketiga adalah Blok East Kalimantan-Attaka yang dikelola oleh Pertamina Hulu Kalimantan Timur (PHKT). Pengajuan insentif di Blok East Kalimantan-Attaka belum dilakukan karena masih dalam tahap evaluasi proposal pengajuan. 

    Di ketiga blok tersebut, Pertamina melakukan operasi pengembangan lapangan lapangan (OPLL) untuk meningkatkan produksi migas. Terlebih, ketiga blok migas tadi telah memiliki usia produksi yang sangat tua.

Sebagai contoh, Blok Mahakam telah memiliki usia lebih dari 40 tahun. Sebelumnya, Blok Mahakam dikelola oleh Total E&P Indonesia. Saat ini, Blok Mahakam telah dikelola Pertamina Hulu Migas (PHM) dengan mampu mempertahankan produksi sebesar 740 MMscfd (million metric standard cubic feet per day) dari 120 sumur Sejak September 2019. 

Sebelumnya, produksi blok tersebut berda di bawah angka realisasi tersebut. Menurutnya, peningkatan produksi ini didapat dari pengeboran sumur baru dan produksi dari reservoir yang didapat lebih besar dari proyeksi.

Dalam upaya mempertahankan produksi tersebut, PHM telah mengajukan pengeboran 257 sumur baru dengan potensi sumber daya sebanyak 279 miliar kaki kubik/Bcf dan 9 million barrels of oil/MMBO.

BENTUK INSENTIF

Meskipun pengeboran sumur telah disetujui SKK Migas, Pertamina tetap mendapatkan insentif untuk meningkatkan keekonomian proyek. Insentif tersebut dapat berupa bagi hasil tambahan dari pemerintah maupun keringanan sewa aset negara. Dari sisi perseroan, Pertamina juga akan menurunkan batasan ke ekonomian. 

Sementara itu, Pertamina juga menarget untuk melakukan pengeboran sumur eksplorasi di Blok Mahakam pada Kuartal III/2020 atau sekitar Juli 2020. Pengeboran dilakukan di Tunu Field dan South Peciko.

“Ada yang namanya commercial breakthrough. Begini, misalnya Pertamina merasa ini tidak ekonomis jangan diam saja. Datanglah ke pemerintah, Ini bisa ekonomis, kalau dikasih insentif semacam ini. Pemerintah akan fair ini bisa, ini tidak bisa per proyek,” katanya.

Pertamina juga mengajukan insentif ke pengeboran 755 sumur baru di Blok Sanga Sanga. Hingga saat ini persetujuan belum dikeluarkan pemerintah terhadap pengeboran di 755 sumur tersebut. Pertamina menargetkan pengeboran 755 sumur di Blok Sanga Sanga dapat dilakukan pada tahun ini. 

“Sudah diajukan [insentif ke pemerintah], kalau tidak salah 2 minggu yang lalu," katanya.

Menurutnya, Pertamina juga akan mengajukan pengeboran sumur baru di Blok East Kalimantan-Attaka. Saat ini, Pertamina masih melakukan evaluasi pada proposal pengeboran sumur baru di blok tersebut.

“Kami mau melakukan secara intensif dan agresif untuk semua blok terminasi, temiasuk ONWJ [Offshore North West Java],” katanya.

Dharmawan menjelaskan ketiga blok tersebut diutamakan terlebih dahulu karena memiliki potensi migas yang sangat besar Pertamina berupaya untuk terus memperpanjang umur lapangan di ketiga blok tersebut. 

General Manager Pertamina Hulu Mahakam John Anis mengatakan pihaknya akan terus melakukan penghematan salah satunya dengan menurunkan biaya pengeboran sumur. Salah satunya dengan rigless karena mampu menurunkan harga material sekaligus mempercepat waktu pengerjaan.

Sebelumnya, Satuan Kerja Khusus (SKK) Pelaksana Kegiatan Usaha Hulu Minyak dan Gas Bumi (Migas) mengaku akan menggenjot pengembangan sejumlah lapangan migas di tiga blok pada 2020, menyusul Blok Mahakam yang proposalnya telah disetujui. Pengembangan lapangan tersebut untuk menggenjot produksi lifting 1 juta barel per hari (BPH) pada 2030 dan lifting gas bumi sebesar 12.000 MMscfd.

Kepala SKK Migas Dwi Soetjipto mengatakan pengembangan lapangan digenjot di tiga Wilayah kerja yakni Blok Sanga Sanga di Kalimantan Timur, Blok Sakakemang di Musi Banyuasin, Sumatra Selatan, dan Lapangan Merakes di Blok East Sepinggan, Sumatra Selatan. 

Ekonom Energi UGM Fahmy Radhi mengatakan fleksibilitas yang diberikan pemerintah melalui Kementerian ESDM mengenai kontrak bagi hasil akan mendorong pengembangan lapangan migas.

Bisnis Indonesia, Page-10, Saturday, Jan 4, 2020
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