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The Profit Sharing Scheme is questioned again



A number of members of Commission VII (Energy) of the House of Representatives (DPR) again questioned the oil and gas sharing scheme based on gross production or gross split. Therefore, this scheme is considered not able to improve the investment climate. In the first quarter of 2018, production target of ready to sell or lifting of oil and gas has not been able to reach the target. On the other hand, according to the government, the gross split scheme actually makes the auction of oil and gas blocks desirable.

In a hearing session of Commission VII of the House of Representatives (DPR) with the Special Working Unit for Oil and Gas Upstream Business Activity (SKK Migas) and head of upstream oil and gas company on Thursday (31/5/2018), in Jakarta; the question of gross split reappeared. A day earlier, in a working meeting with the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), the effectiveness of this scheme was also asked by a number of members of Commission VII DPR. The question is based on the achievement of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources in the first quarter of 2018.

Based on SKK Migas data, oil lifting until April 30, 2018 as much as 741,900 barrels per day. The achievement is still below the target of the 2018 APBN as much as 800,000 barrels per day. The lifting of natural gas up to April 30, 2018 amounted to 6.450 million standard cubic feet per day (MMSCFD) or still below the target of the 2018 APBN of 6,720 MMSCFD. Member of Commission VII of the House of Representatives Kardaya Warnika, suggested the government to review gross split schemes if necessary.

"Do not let this scheme, big oil and gas companies do not want to invest in Indonesia again. This will be dangerous for exploration impact. Only large companies want to explore, "he said.

Vice Chairman of Commission VII Herman Khaeron said the first gross split scheme implemented in the Offshore Block North West Java is recommended to be evaluated if it gives unfavorable results. On the sidelines of the meeting, a number of members of Commission VII questioned the reason China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) did not follow the auction of South East Sumatra block.

China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC)

CNOOC is still the operator of the block until September 2018. The government has decided to continue the management of the South East Sumatra block handed over to Pertamina Hulu Energi.

"We are not interested in the gross split scheme (so do not participate in the auction). If with cost recovery, we are still willing, "said President Director of CNOOC Cui Hanyun, answering questions from members of Commission VII.

Head of SKK Migas Amien Sunaryadi said, not all parties have the same opinion about the gross split. However, it is open to all input.

IN INDONESIA

Skema Bagi Hasil Dipersoalkan Lagi 


Sejumlah anggota Komisi VII (Energy) Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat (DPR) kembali mempersoalkan skema bagi hasil minyak dan gas bumi berdasarkan produksi bruto atau gross split. Sebab, skema ini dianggap belum mampu memperbaiki iklim investasi. Pada triwulan I-2018, target produksi siap jual atau lifting minyak dan gas bumi belum mampu mencapai target. Di sisi lain, menurut pemerintah, skema gross split justru membuat lelang blok migas diminati.

Dalam rapat dengar pendapat Komisi VII DPR dengan pihak Satuan Kerja Khusus Pelaksana Kegiatun Usaha hulu Minyak dan Gas Bumi (SKK Migas) dan pimpinan perusahaan hulu migas, Kamis (31/5/2018), di Jakarta; pertanyaan mengenai gross split kembali muncul. Sehari sebelumnya, dalam rapat kerja dengan Kementerian Energi dan Sumber Daya Mineral (ESDM), efektivitas skema ini juga ditanyakan sejumlah anggota Komisi VII DPR. Pertanyaan itu berdasarkan pencapaian kinerja Kementerian ESDM pada triwulan I-2018.

Berdasarkan data SKK Migas, lifting minyak hingga 30 April 2018 sebanyak 741.900 barrel per hari. Pencapaian itu masih di bawah target APBN 2018 yang sebanyak 800.000 barrel per hari. Adapun lifting gas bumi sampai dengan 30 April 2018 sebanyak 6.450 juta standar kaki kubik per hari (MMSCFD) atau masih di bawah target APBN 2018 yang sebanyak 6.720 MMSCFD. Anggota Komisi VII DPR Kardaya Warnika, menyarankan pemerintah mengkaji kembali skema gross split jika diperlukan. 

”Jangan sampai gara-gara skema ini, perusahaan besar migas tidak mau berinvestasi di Indonesia lagi. Ini akan berbahaya dampaknya bagi eksplorasi. Hanya perusahaan besar yang mau melakukan eksplorasi,” katanya.

Wakil Ketua Komisi VII Herman Khaeron mengatakan, skema gross split yang pertama kali diterapkan di Blok Offshore North West Java disarankan untuk dievaluasi jika memberikan hasil kurang baik. Di sela-sela rapat, sejumlah anggota Komisi VII mempertanyakan alasan China National Offshore Oil Corporation (CNOOC) tidak mengikuti lelang blok South East Sumatera.

CNOOC masih menjadi operator blok tersebut hingga September 2018. Pemerintah sudah memutuskan kelanjutan pengelolaan blok South East Sumatera diserahkan kepada Pertamina Hulu Energi.

”Kami tidak tertarik dengan skema gross split (sehingga tidak ikut lelang). Kalau dengan cost recovery, kami masih bersedia,” ujar Presiden Direktur CNOOC
Cui Hanyun, menjawab pertanyaan anggota Komisi VII.

Kepala SKK Migas Amien Sunaryadi mengatakan, tidak semua pihak mempunyai pendapat yang sama soal gross split. Namun, pihaknya terbuka terhadap segala masukan.

Kompas, Page-18, Saturday, June 2, 2018
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